Marcus Garvey’s Last Word Before Incarceration, 1923

Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr. ONH was a Jamaican political activist, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and orator. On June 17, 1923, Garvey, before a crowd at Liberty Hall in New York delivered his last speech before his incarceration in the Tombs Prison.…

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Marcus Garvey Addresses The Second UNIA Convention, 1921

By 1921 the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) was well on its way to becoming the largest predominately black organization in the world.  Marcus Garvey, the UNIA’s founder, however, already recognized W.E.B. Du Bois and the NAACP as its chief…

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